Cancer is an unfortunate and dangerous disease that may affect any person. One such type that is quite deadly is blood cancer which affects the tissue producing blood cells, which also includes the lymphatic system and bone marrow. It initiates within the bone’s soft tissue known as bone marrow. As the latter is considered to be responsible towards producing white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells, the human body is not in a position to fight off infections that come with diseased components in blood. Hence, blood cancer is termed to be among the most serious type and out person gets affected by this disease in every three minutes.
Different types of treatments
Ranging from bone marrow transplant to traditional treatment therapies, radiotherapy to chemotherapy, medical science has indeed evolved with time and helping patients to get effective and efficient treatments. One such treatment that is proved to be life savior is bone marrow transplantation in the majority of the cases, radiotherapy and chemotherapy tend to compliment the transplantation strategy. One can check out the leading bone marrow transplant hospitals India to get immediate and proper treatment.
About bone marrow transplant
According to the health experts, this type of transplantation surgery is known to be a medical procedure, where the damaged or diseased bone marrow gets replaced with a healthier one. This procedure is said to involve blood stem cell transplantation, thus leading to new bone marrow formation and having the diseased one replaced effectively. The stem cell source could be either a healthy donor or the patient’s own body. Before going ahead with the transplantation procedure, the stem cells get harvested and the patient is provided with radiation therapy or chemotherapy as deemed fit.
Some risks faced during the transplantation process
This type of procedure is a major surgery, which might result in both long and short-term complications. One needs to be aware of, so as to take the right step to avoid future issues and to enjoy the benefits that come with the procedure.
The short side effects may include the following:
- Low blood pressure
- Fever with chills, nausea, and headache
- Shortness of breath and chest pain, depending on the patient’s overall health and age as well as blood compatibility with the donor, etc.
Long term complications could vary like:
- Graft failure & graft vs. host disease – medical condition where the patient’s body gets attacked by transplanted donor cells.
- Internal bleeding within the vital body organs like the brain, intestine and lungs.
- Early menopause
- Clotting in veins of liver, damage caused to the heart, lungs and kidneys.
- Soreness and inflammation in mouth known as mucositis.
- Clouding in eye lens, leading to cataract.
Other popular treatment options
The patients can check in at the best bone marrow transplant hospitals in India to get the right type of treatment that is suitable for them. The available options in treatment may be grouped under radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The latter is using drugs for blocking cancer cell proliferation and radiotherapy for using high energy waves for eliminating the symptoms and cancer cells.