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As people are living are longer, the demand for medical services is going up especially in the orthopedic field. As the world has become increasingly faster-more paced, the kinds of injuries to the bones have become more acute requiring metal orthopedic plates and bone screws to be installed to stabilize the broken bones. Siiora.com is one of the best trauma implants supplier in India and worldwide.
There are several diagnostic tests which are used to help the doctor decide on what treatment is essential.
Arthroscopy– The physician can see the problem area with arthroscopy wherein a camera is inserted into the body through an incision so the doctor and see the damage. Because this is surgical in nature, the doctor will use other means in starting to view the problem.
Myelogram– This test evaluates the abnormalities in the nerve roots, spinal cord, and other tissues. A radiologist will inject dye into the spine. X-rays or a CT Scan will then be performed. The dye causes the tissues to be visible.
MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging pulses radio wave energy through the body in a magnetic field. While CT scan and x-ray are more sensitive to the bone, an MRI is more sensitive to soft tissue.
CT Scan or X-ray– For injuries mainly to the bone where soft tissues are not an area of concern, the doctor can order one of these tests which is sensitive to the bone. These tests help the doctor to decide a surgical plan before opening the patient.
Arthroscopic Surgery– In arthroscopic surgery, the orthopedic surgeon will make two small incisions through which he will pass a camera as well as repair tools. Recovery time is quite rapid compared to a surgery that needs a large incision.
Joint Replacement– In a joint replacement, a 3 to 12-inch incision is made and metal, plastic, or ceramic joint is fixed to the remaining bone and held in position with cement or bone screws. A hospital stay after a joint replacement is from 3 to 5 days and recovery takes about one month; although, the patient should experience immediate relief.
Know About: What Is Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery?
Laminectomy– A laminectomy is the fusion of two vertebrae and the insertion of two or more screws to stabilize the spinal column. A laminectomy is essential when the discs have shrunk and bulged causing one of the vertebrae to slip out of line. Even though the patient may immediately start feeling relief after the surgery, the recovery time is much longer than with other remedies. The orthopedic doctor may prescribe physical therapy and exercises initially, and if that is not effective, he may prescribe steroid injections into the spine for a year performing a laminectomy.
Discectomy– A falling injury or age or both can cause the disc material between the vertebrae to bulge and press on the nerves of the spine. Orthopedic surgeons used to remove the entire disc, harvest bone from the hip or thigh, and replace the disc with bone. This would solve the problem but also decrease the range of movement. Modern advancements have allowed surgeons to remove just the part of the disc that is impinging on the nerve and it is a minimally invasive surgery from which recovery is rapid. The complete removal of the disc is the last option.