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One of the best dental clinics in the area https://cornerstonefamilydentistry.ca/ will give you some advice on what periodontitis is and what are the causes of it. Dental care is very important if you want to avoid the loss of teeth and the cause of other more dangerous diseases in the body, due to improper oral hygiene.
Make sure to visit your dentist on time and avoid all these problems on time.
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition with infectious etiology of periodontium, the tissues supporting the teeth. Periodontitis includes progressive loss of alveolar bone and, if left untreated, results in tear loosening and subsequent loss.
Periodontitis has two main forms – chronic periodontitis and less frequent progressive periodontitis. Much less common are juvenile and pre-pubertal periodontitis.
2. What are the symptoms of periodontitis?
In many people, early symptoms resemble gingivitis or remain unnoticed for a long time.
These include persistent bad breath, bleeding gums after washing, or eating solid food (this can also be observed with gingivitis); red, swollen and painful in touching wreaths; gingival recession – gingivitis of the crown of the teeth; deep pockets between gums and teeth; “Rolling” of teeth at a more advanced stage.
Gum inflammation and bone loss are usually painless, so bleeding after washing the teeth should not be left unattended.
3. What are the complications of periodontitis?
Left without medical control, periodontitis can progress and affect other tissues and organs in the body. The organs most commonly affected due to their proximity to the outbreak of the infectious process are jaws (osteomyelitis), abscess of soft tissue in the mouth, dental abscesses, and painful bacterial infection with ulceration (soreness) of the gums. It is possible for the causative agent to get into the bloodstream and cause sepsis – a dangerous condition with high temperature, chills, palpitations and rapid breathing.
4. What makes the appearance of periodontitis?
Periodontitis occurs when low oral hygiene results in a heavy buildup of dental plaque. Micro-organisms inhabiting the oral cavity form a biofilm on the teeth, the thickness of which is regulated by regular tooth brushing. Prolonged tooth decay leads to the formation of permanent accumulations on the teeth – the teeth that cannot be washed away. The gums become inflamed and if this is not treated in time, the inflammatory process covers the tissues surrounding the teeth. The plaque, rich in microorganisms, accumulates around the cervix where the pockets are formed, filled with anaerobic bacteria and rotting matter. The swelling of the gum tissue in inflammation captures their contents and makes pocketing self-cleaning impossible. Metabolic activity of the microorganisms separates the gum from the tooth, forming the characteristic clinical picture of periodontitis.
Smoking also contributes to the development of periodontitis and makes it difficult to treat it.
Diabetes mellitus is also associated with an increased risk of periodontitis.